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    Creating a Blogging App Using React, Part 4: Update & Delete Posts

    4elements | web design The Hague blog • Creating a Blogging App Using React, Part 4: Update & Delete Posts

    In the previous part of this tutorial series, you saw how to implement the add and display post functionality. In this part of the tutorial series on creating a blogging app in React, you'll implement the functionality to update and delete the blog posts.

    Getting Started

    Let's get started by cloning the source code from the last part of the series.

    Once the directory has been cloned, navigate to the project directory and install the required dependencies.

    Start the Node.js server and you will have the application running at http://localhost:7777/index.html#/.

    Creating the Update and Delete View

    Let's modify the blog post listing to display the data in a tabular form with the update and delete icons. Inside the render method of the ShowPost component, replace the existing div with a table as shown in the code:

    As seen in the above code, you have modified the existing code to display the posts in a tabular form. You have mapped the posts variable to iterate over the posts collection and dynamically create the required tr and td.

    Save the above changes and restart the server. Point your browser to http://localhost:7777/home#/ and you should be able to view the blog post listing in tabular format.

    Blog Post Listing With Update  Delete

    Implementing the Update Post Function

    To implement the update post functionality, you need to attach the on-click event to the edit icon. Modify the edit icon span as shown: 

    As seen in the above code, you have passed the post id as a parameter to the updatePost method.

    Create a method updatePost inside the ShowPost component.

    As seen in the above code, you have triggered the redirect to the add post page with the id of the edited item. In the add post page, you'll get the details of the blog post with the passed id and populate the details.

    Modify the router to include an optional id parameter to the add post page.

    Inside the AddPost component, create a method called getPostWithId to fetch the details of the blog post with id. Inside the getPostWithId method, make an AJAX call to the getPostWithId API inside app.js.

    With the response received from the getPostWithId API method, you have updated the state variables title and subject

    Modify the title and subject text boxes to display the value from the state variables.

    Now let's create the getPostWithId API inside app.js to make a database call to the MongoDB database to get the post details with a particular Id. Here is the getPostWithId API method:

    Inside the post.js file, create a method getPostWithId to query the database to fetch the details. Here is how it looks:

    As seen in the above code, you have made use of the findOne API to get the details of the blog post with a particular Id.

    Save the above changes and try to run the program. Click the edit icon on the home page and it will redirect to the add post page and populate the title and subject.

    React Blog App Edit Screen

    Now, to update the blog post details, you'll need to check for the id inside the addPost API method in the app.js. If it's a new post, the id will be undefined.

    Modify the addPost method inside the AddPost component to include the id state variable.

    Inside the addPost API method, you need to check if the id parameter is undefined or not. If undefined, it means it's a new post, else you need to call the update method. Here is what the addPost API method looks like:

    Inside the post.js file, create a method called updatePost to update the blog post details. You'll make use of the updateOne API to update the details of the blog post with the particular id. Here is how the updatePost method looks:

    Save the above changes and restart the server. Log in to the application and click on the edit icon. Modify the existing values and click the button to update the details. 

    Implementing the Delete Post Function

    To implement the delete post functionality, you need to attach the on-click event to the delete icon. Modify the delete icon span as shown:

    As seen in the above code, you have passed the post id as a parameter to the deletePost method. 

    Create a method called deletePost inside the ShowPost component.

    Bind the method in the ShowPost component constructor.

    For using this inside the map function callback, you need to bind this to the map function. Modify the map function callback as shown:

    Inside the deletePost method, add a confirmation prompt before calling the delete API.

    Now let's add the deletePost API inside the app.js file. The API will read the post Id from the AJAX call and delete the entry from MongoDB. Here is how the deletePost API looks:

    As seen in the above code, you will make a call to the deletePost method in the post.js file and return the result. Let's create the deletePost method inside the post.js file.

    As seen in the above code, the deletePost method in the post.js file will make use of the MongoClient to connect to the blog database in MongoDB. Using the Id passed from the AJAX call, it will delete the post from the database. 

    Update the code inside the deletePost method in the home.jsx file to include the AJAX call to the deletePost API in the app.js file.

    Once the blog post has been deleted, you need to refresh the blog post listing to reflect this. So create a new method called getPost and move the componentDidMount code inside that function. Here is the getPost method:

    Modify the componentDidMount code as shown:

    Inside the deletePost AJAX call success callback, make a call to the getPost method to update the blog post listing.

    Save the above changes and restart the server. Try adding a new blog post, and then click delete from the grid list. You will be prompted with a delete confirmation message. Once you click the OK button, the entry will be deleted and the blog post listing will be updated.

    Delete Blog Post Confirmation

    Wrapping It Up

    In this tutorial, you saw how to implement the delete and update blog post functionality in the React blog application. In the next part of the tutorial series, you'll learn how to implement the profile page for a logged-in user.

    Do let us know your thoughts and suggestions in the comments below. Source code from this tutorial is available on GitHub.

    martijn broeders

    founder/ strategic creative at 4elements web design & consultancy
    e-mail: .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)
    phone: 06 38 55 28 54

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